The Anatomy of Venezuela’s Chavismo

What Brought the Oil-Rich Nation to Her Knees?

anatomy of Chavismo

Since Hugo Chávez came to power in 1999, economic and political freedom have only gone downhill. (Wikimedia)

The staggering collapse of Venezuela merits a deep dive into the history and policies of almost 20 years of Chavista ruling.

In the face of excuses that the Venezuelan regime is not really socialist, going beyond labels and asking the right questions is key: What kind of policies did Hugo Chávez and Nicolás Maduro enact? Why can’t the economy recover? What is driving the widespread shortages and hyperinflation?

Backgrounder Content

  • What incidents allowed a coup d’état leader to win the presidential election?
  • What prominent policies did Hugo Chávez campaign on?
  • What were his original connections with Cuba?
  • What were Chávez’s most prominent policies that could be described as socialist?
  • How did the Chavistas generate hyperinflation?
  • What alliances did Chávez form, and to what ends?
  • What made Venezuela the world’s least free nation, according to the Fraser Institute?

(Download the PDF, seven pages)

Antigua Report Analysis

Paz Gómez

Paz Gómez

Paz Gómez is the Antigua Report policy analyst. She is cofounder and academic coordinator of Libre Razón, a liberal think tank in Quito, Ecuador. She holds a bachelor's degree in international relations and political science from San Francisco University of Quito, with a minor in translation. Follow @PazenLibertad.

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